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What Are the Common Causes of Brain Injuries?

person sitting down, holding head in hands

Our brain controls everything our body does — talking, thinking, seeing, hearing, feeling, tasting, smelling, and even breathing. When the brain is damaged, any (or all) of these functions can be affected, either temporarily or permanently. Brain injuries can be mild or severe.

There are two types of brain injuries: traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) and acquired brain injuries (ABIs), also called non-traumatic brain injuries. Either type can cause localized damage, affecting only one area of the brain, or diffuse damage, affecting many places at once.

TBIs vs. ABIs

TBIs have an external cause, such as a bump or blow to the head, and can cause a skull fracture, cranial bleeding, and blood clots. They can occur as a result of:

ABIs occur because of something that happens inside the brain, like a stroke. Other causes include:

Both traumatic and acquired brain injuries can result in mild, moderate, or severe physical and/or mental symptoms.

A person suffering from a mild brain injury might experience:

With a moderate brain injury, these symptoms last longer.

Severe brain injuries can result in debilitating physical, cognitive, and behavioral damage that might be irreversible, changing the person’s life forever.

Lingering Symptoms

If you've had a brain injury and still have symptoms, see a TBI/ABI expert for the best treatment options.

Brain Injury Treatment

Treatment for brain injuries may include:

Brain Injury Prevention

While most types of ABIs are difficult to prevent, the chance of experiencing a TBI can be greatly reduced by following these safety precautions:

At home, remove tripping hazards, especially if there are elderly people or infants/toddlers present. Secure slippery rugs, keep clutter contained, and use a nonslip mat in the tub.

If falling is a concern, install safety equipment like handrails where necessary. Make sure the lighting is bright enough on stairways and in other areas where you're more likely to trip and fall.

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Tags: neuro

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